Wednesday, November 25, 2015

On November 26, 1949, " We, the people of India" decided to " Adopt, Enact, And Give To Ourselves" this Constitution. How we arrived at a consensus on the Constitution?

The ideal of consensus is the most democratic of standards.... The Indian cultural tradition, rich, deep, and undogmatic, has been able to absorb the most advanced intellectual concepts. Indian intellectuals were able to meet the early representatives of European culture on equal terms. They easily mastered both the philosophy and practice of modern government...
The Indians' sense of their rich cultural heritage, their record of professional achievement in the arts and sciences of the modern world, and their faith in their ability to go govern themselves, combined to give them a national maturity that allowed a reasoned approach to the creation and working of government. Equipped with the basic qualifications, attitudes, and experience for creating and working a democratic constitution, Indians did not default their tryst with destiny.
Granville Austin, The Indian Constitution- Cornerstone of a Nation, OUP,1966, p. 330

Sunday, November 22, 2015


Joseph Roux - "A fine quotation is a diamond on the finger of a man of wit, and a pebble in the hand of a fool." 
We should feel sorrow, but not sink under its oppression. - Confucius
Mark Twain - "Get your facts first, and then you can distort them as much as you please."

The wisdom of the wise, and the experience of ages, may be preserved by quotation.

 For many men, the acquisition of wealth does not end their troubles, it only changes them. - Seneca

Let not your mind run on what you lack as much as on what you have already. - Marcus Aurelius 
What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly. - Thomas Paine
Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous. » Confucius

If people never did silly things nothing intelligent would ever get done. - Wittgenstein 
« Nothing is void of God, his work is everywhere his full of himself. » Seneca

The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions. – Confucius

« Men create gods after their own image, not only with regard to their form but with regard to their mode of life.- Aristotle

Never close your lips to those whom you have opened your heart. - Charles Dickens 
Euripides -  Talk sense to a fool and he calls you foolish.
Akira Kurosawa - In a mad world only the mad are sane.

Monday, November 16, 2015

Kanak Niti and the Nepalese Foreign Policy

The Kings of Nepal had their training in the tradition of ancient Indian Kings. King Mahendra, the architect of contemporary Nepalese policies ( and a true follower of his illustrious ancestor Prithvi Narayan Shah, who considered Nepal as a gourd between between two rocks ), is said to have thoroughly read and valued the three great Indian classics - the Hitopadesh, the Panch Tantra and the Raghuvamsa. However, it was the Kanak Niti, which seems to have influenced the King immensely.
  There is a fable in the Kanak Niti, relevant for understanding Nepal's perception of its position in regard to India and China. The fable briefly told runs like this:  There was a flood. A cobra, a scorpion and a bull-frog were marooned on high ground. The cobra wanted to swallow the frog. But in between them was the scorpion sitting with its raised sting. It held back the cobra. The frog wanted to bite off the sting and chew up the scorpion. The hiss of the cobra frightened it. The balance of terror made possible what was an uneasy survival. ( Y G Krishnamurti, His Majesty King Mahendra Bir Vikram Shah Deva - An Analytical Biography, Bombay, n.d., p. 29 cited in Raj Kumar Jha, The Himalayan Kingdoms In Indian Foreign Policy, Maitryee, Ranchi, 1986, pp. 10-11)Of course, the moral of the fable is obvious.
But the contemporary Nepalese leadership has to realise that the times have changed.

Saturday, November 14, 2015

The Origins of Caste System

Despite Bihar ridden with caste, a genetics study suggests that ancient India had no such social stratification

READ MORE ON » Sunday ET | PMO | Nitish Kumar | Lalu Yadav | Genetic Study of 2013 | DNA | Bihar po .. 

Monday, November 9, 2015

‘Historical Amnesia’ has led to forgotten achievements of Muslim culture | Ancient Origins

‘Historical Amnesia’ has led to forgotten achievements of Muslim culture | Ancient Origins:

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Was the first University esblished in the later half of Ninth century?

A Mind of One's Own | Dissent Magazine

A Mind of One's Own | Dissent Magazine: "conventional wisdom becomes conventional because it is right. Perhaps blandly so, perhaps inoffensively so—but perfectly accurate insofar as it captures truths we deem acceptable by some general (if mysteriously agreed upon) consensus. But beginning in the late 1960s, a swelling chorus of feminist intellectuals took the kind of mainline wisdom that Brooks and this extended fraternity of popular wisdom writers champion today as their enemy. They viewed the knowing self, the self-reliant self, and even the ironic self-effacing self, as ideologies of female oppression, not ideals worthy of emulation."

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